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  1. Breast cancer disease is the most common cancer among Iranian women and imposing a significant financial burden on the households. This study calculated out-of-pocket (OOP), catastrophic health expenditure (CH...

    Authors: Faranak Ahmadi, Hamidreza Farrokh-Eslamlou, Hasan Yusefzadeh and Cyrus Alinia

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:327

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Both the concept of performance and the role of hospitals in health systems evolved significantly in the last decades. Today, the performance in health could be defined as the ability to create ‘population val...

    Authors: Guido Noto, Andrea Carlo Lo Verso and Gustavo Barresi

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:326

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Transfer into the operating room, onto the operating table and mask induction of anaesthesia are major challenges faced by children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In a pilot study, parents observed tha...

    Authors: Hwan Ing Hee, Ying Ching Lim, Tracy Tan, Sharon Wan, Olivia Wijeweera, Sumin Lee and Kavitha Raghavan

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:325

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Physicians who perform unsafe practices and harm patients may be disciplined. In Norway, there are five types of disciplinary action, ranging from a warning for the least serious examples of malpractice to los...

    Authors: Martin B. Harbitz, Per Steinar Stensland and Birgit Abelsen

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:324

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Women’s health and the reduction in the global maternal mortality rate is a research priority worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the structural conditions that influence the maternity care pro...

    Authors: Elin Mordal, Ingrid Hanssen, Andargachew Kassa Biratu and Solfrid Vatne

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:323

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Nigeria faces an increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), leading to an estimated 29% of all deaths in the country. Nigeria has an estimated hyperte...

    Authors: Ikechukwu A. Orji, Abigail S. Baldridge, Kasarachi Omitiran, Mainzhao Guo, Whenayon Simeon Ajisegiri, Tunde M. Ojo, Gabriel Shedul, Namratha R. Kandula, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Mark D. Huffman and Dike B. Ojji

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

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  7. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Catherine Hudon, Mathieu Bisson, Marie-France Dubois, Yohann Chiu, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Nicole Dubuc, Nicolas Elazhary, Véronique Sabourin and Alain Vanasse

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:321

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:157

  8. Subcutaneous (SC) versus intravenous (IV) administration is advantageous in terms of patient convenience and hospital efficiency. This study aimed to compare the effect of optimizing the processes involved in ...

    Authors: María Reyes Abad-Sazatornil, Ainhoa Arenaza, Juan Bayo, Jesus García Mata, José María Guinea De Castro, Josefa León, Javier Letellez, Virginia Reguero, Carmen Martínez Chamorro and Antonio Salar

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:320

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Research has shown unilateral cochlear implants (CIs) significantly improve clinical outcomes and quality of life in adults. However, only 13% of eligible Swedish adults currently use a unilateral CI. The obje...

    Authors: Mutsa Gumbie, Emma Olin, Bonny Parkinson, Ross Bowman and Henry Cutler

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:319

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In a response to the pandemic, urgent care centers (UCCs) have gained a critical role as a common location for COVID-19 testing. We sought to characterize the changes in testing accessibility at UCCs between M...

    Authors: Laurie C Yousman, Akshay Khunte, Walter Hsiang, Siddharth Jain, Howard Forman and Daniel Wiznia

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:318

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To identify the determinants of health care use among homeless individuals.

    Authors: André Hajek, Franziska Bertram, Fabian Heinrich, Victoria van Rüth, Benjamin Ondruschka, Benedikt Kretzler, Christine Schüler, Klaus Püschel and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:317

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Patient experience is recognised as a quality of care indicator and increasingly health services are working on achieving set targets and improving their performance. Interventions at the point of care targeti...

    Authors: Eunice Wong, Felix Mavondo, Lidia Horvat, Louise McKinlay and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:316

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The associations between a sickness absence spell duration and patient care have been rarely studied. An assumption is that associations would differ by spell duration and by the patient care type, inpatient- ...

    Authors: Annina Ropponen, Mo Wang, Jurgita Narusyte, Sanna Kärkkäinen, Victoria Blom and Pia Svedberg

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To foster access to care and reduce the burden of health expenditures on people living with HIV (PLHIV), several sub-Saharan African countries, including Cameroon, have adopted a policy of removing HIV-related...

    Authors: Marwân-al-Qays Bousmah, Marie Libérée Nishimwe, Christopher Kuaban and Sylvie Boyer

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The theory of salutogenesis focuses on resources for health and health-promoting processes. In the context of midwives’ work, this is not well described despite the importance for occupational health and the i...

    Authors: Malin Hansson, Ingela Lundgren, Gunnel Hensing, Anna Dencker, Monica Eriksson and Ing-Marie Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:312

    Content type: Research article

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  16. While international students form an increasing population of higher education students in Turkey, there is limited empirical evidence about their health services utilization. The study aim was to investigate ...

    Authors: Abednego Nzyuko Masai, Bahar Güçiz-Doğan, Polet Njeri Ouma, Israel Nyaburi Nyadera and Victor Kipkoech Ruto

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:311

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Improving the transitional care of older people, especially hospital-to-home transitions, is a salient concern worldwide. Current research in the field highlights person-centered care as crucial; however, how ...

    Authors: Cecilie Fromholt Olsen, Astrid Bergland, Asta Bye, Jonas Debesay and Anne G. Langaas

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:310

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Correctional facilities are an underutilized venue for reaching young adults who have not vaccinated for human papillomavirus (HPV). The objective of this study was to identify factors that are associated with...

    Authors: Amanda Emerson, Molly Allison, Lisa Saldana, Patricia J. Kelly and Megha Ramaswamy

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:309

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the reference standard for reporting diseases and health conditions globally. Variations in ICD use and data collection across countries can hinder meaning...

    Authors: Lucia Otero Varela, Chelsea Doktorchik, Natalie Wiebe, Hude Quan and Catherine Eastwood

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:308

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Electronic medical record (EMR) systems have the potential to facilitate appropriate laboratory testing. We examined three common medical tests in primary care—hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), lipid, and thyroid stimul...

    Authors: Nadine Chami, Silvy Mathew, Sharada Weir, James G. Wright and Jasmin Kantarevic

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:307

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The persistent fragmentation of home healthcare reflects inadequate coordination between care providers. Still, while factors at the system (e.g., regulations) and organisational (e.g., work environment) level...

    Authors: Nathalie Möckli, Michael Simon, Carla Meyer-Massetti, Sandrine Pihet, Roland Fischer, Matthias Wächter, Christine Serdaly and Franziska Zúñiga

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:306

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Cryptococcal meningitis in HIV-infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa accounts for three-quarters of the global cases and 135,000 deaths per annum. Current treatment includes the use of fluconazole and amphot...

    Authors: Jacqui Miot, Trudy Leong, Simbarashe Takuva, Andrew Parrish and Halima Dawood

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:305

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Rapid spread of COVID-19 forced the public to turn to community pharmacies as the most accessible points of primary healthcare, overloading pharmacy services. The objectives of this research were to detect and...

    Authors: Jelena Jovičić-Bata, Nebojša Pavlović, Nataša Milošević, Neda Gavarić, Svetlana Goločorbin-Kon, Nemanja Todorović and Mladena Lalić-Popović

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:304

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Advance Care Planning (ACP) enables healthcare professionals to embrace the important process where patients think about their values in life and goals for health care, and discuss their future health care pre...

    Authors: Sarah Jeong, Tomiko Barrett, Se Ok Ohr, Peter Cleasby, Ryan Davey and Michael David

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:303

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although donor transitions from HIV programs are more frequent, little research exists seeking to understand the perceptions of patients and providers on this process. Between 2015 and 2017, PEPFAR implemented...

    Authors: Henry Zakumumpa, Ligia Paina, Jess Wilhelm, Freddie Ssengooba, Eric Ssegujja, Moses Mukuru and Sara Bennett

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Effective person-centred interventions are needed to support people living with mental-physical multimorbidity to achieve better health and wellbeing outcomes. Depression is identified as the most common menta...

    Authors: Kylie J. McKenzie, Susan L. Fletcher, David Pierce and Jane M. Gunn

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:301

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Children with medical complexity (CMC) require the expertise of many care providers spanning different disciplines, institutions, and settings of care. This leads to duplicate health records, breakdowns in com...

    Authors: Sherri Adams, Madison Beatty, Clara Moore, Arti Desai, Leah Bartlett, Erin Culbert, Eyal Cohen, Jennifer Stinson and Julia Orkin

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:300

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The rapid shift in hospital governance in the past few years suggests greater orthopedist involvement in management roles, would have wide-reaching benefits for the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare d...

    Authors: André Côté, Kassim Said Abasse, Maude Laberge, Marie-Hélène Gilbert, Mylaine Breton and Célia Lemaire

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:299

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Recent attempts of active disinvestment (i.e. withdrawal of reimbursement by means of a policy decision) of reimbursed healthcare interventions in the Netherlands have differed in their outcome: some attempts ...

    Authors: Adriënne H. Rotteveel, Mattijs S. Lambooij, Joline J. A. van de Rijt, Job van Exel, Karel G. M. Moons and G. Ardine de Wit

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:298

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Keeping proper storage conditions at health facilities is vital to reduce pharmaceutical wastage caused by environmental factors. The expiration of medicines at the health facilities could lead to wastage of p...

    Authors: Oliyad Kebede, Gizachew Tilahun and Desalegn Feyissa

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:297

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Nurse managers play a critical role in enhancing nursing and patient outcomes. The work of nurse managers, who can be described as middle-managers at health care organizations, is complex and changes on a dail...

    Authors: Anu Nurmeksela, Santtu Mikkonen, Juha Kinnunen and Tarja Kvist

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:296

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Nepal has a high burden of undetected tuberculosis (TB). In line with the World Health Organization’s End TB Strategy, the National TB Programme promotes active case-finding (ACF) as one strategy to find peopl...

    Authors: Olivia Biermann, Kritika Dixit, Bhola Rai, Maxine Caws, Knut Lönnroth and Kerri Viney

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:295

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a public health problem in the Democratic Republic of Congo. While reference sickle cell centers have been implemented in capital cities of African countries and have proven to be ...

    Authors: Benoît Mukinayi Mbiya, Didier Kalenda Kalombo, Yannick Nkesu Mukendi, Valery Daubie, John Kalenda Mpoyi, Parola Mukendi Biboyi, Ghislain Tumba Disashi and Béatrice Gulbis

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:294

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Rwanda has markedly increased the nation’s contraceptive use in a short period of time, tripling contraceptive prevalence in just 5 years between 2005 and 2010. An integral aspect of family planning programs i...

    Authors: Hilary M. Schwandt, Angel Boulware, Julia Corey, Ana Herrera, Ethan Hudler, Claudette Imbabazi, Ilia King, Jessica Linus, Innocent Manzi, Madelyn Merritt, Lyn Mezier, Abigail Miller, Haley Morris, Dieudonne Musemakweli, Uwase Musekura, Divine Mutuyimana…

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Timely treatment is essential for achieving optimal outcomes after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), and expeditious transfer to a specialist spinal cord injury unit (SCIU) is recommended within 24 h from i...

    Authors: Lisa N. Sharwood, David Whyatt, Bharat P. Vaikuntam, Christiana L. Cheng, Vanessa K. Noonan, Anthony P. Joseph, Jonathon Ball, Ralph E. Stanford, Mei-Ruu Kok, Samuel R. Withers and James W. Middleton

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study aims to explore the experiences, beliefs, feelings, and challenges faced by Pakistani migrant doctors working in the United Kingdom in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. The qualitative study aims to e...

    Authors: Javeria Saleem, Muhammad Ishaq, Rubeena Zakar, Imran Hussain Khan Suddahazai and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:291

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Crowding of the emergency departments is an increasing problem. Many patients with an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often treated in the emergency departments for a very shor...

    Authors: Giti Nadim, Christian B. Laursen, Pia I. Pietersen, Daniel Wittrock, Michael K. Sørensen, Lars B. Nielsen, Claus-Henrik Rasmussen, Helle Marie Christensen, Simon Helmerik, Gitte Jørgensen, Ingrid L. Titlestad, Annmarie T. Lassen and Søren Mikkelsen

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Incorporation of patient religious and spiritual beliefs in medical care has been shown to improve the efficacy of medical interventions and health outcomes. While previous study has highlighted differences in...

    Authors: Joseph R. Fuchs, Jeffrey W. Fuchs, Joshua M. Hauser and Marilyn E. Coors

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:289

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Strengthening the capacity of hospitals to take into account the level of health literacy of their public is a necessity to improve the quality of care. One way to develop adequate health literacy responsive p...

    Authors: Gilles Henrard, Marc Vanmeerbeek, Nadia Dardenne and Jany Rademakers

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:287

    Content type: Research article

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  40. HPV testing has been integrated in cervical cancer screening program. Patient-providers relationship is extremely important to improve cervical cancer screening outcomes. This qualitative study aims to underst...

    Authors: Kowsar Qaderi, Mehrnaz Geranmayeh, Farnaz Farnam, Shahrzad Sheikh Hasani and Seyedeh Tahereh Mirmolaei

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The objective of this study is to deepen our understanding of perceptions towards Primary Health Care Response Capacity by specifically using patients with and without mental disorders, as well as family docto...

    Authors: Eva Rodríguez-Eguizabal, Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez, Valle Coronado-Vázquez, Mª. Antonia Sánchez-Calavera, Mª. Josefa Gil-de-Goméz, Sergio Lafita-Mainz, África Garcia-Roy and Rosa Magallón-Botaya

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The landscape of cutaneous melanoma (CM) diagnosis, staging, prognosis, and treatment has undergone fundamental changes in the past decade. While the benefits of new health resources are recognized, there is a...

    Authors: Cassia Rita Pereira da Veiga, Claudimar Pereira da Veiga, Alceu Souza, Alberto Julius Alves Wainstein, Andreia Cristina de Melo and Ana Paula Drummond-Lage

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:284

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Blackpool is one of the most deprived Local Authority (LA) areas in England; in April 2015 the Blackpool Better Start (BBS) Partnership was allocated £45 million over 10 years from the Big Lottery Fund (BLF) a...

    Authors: C. F. Mills, E. Lowrie, K. Kinloch and E. Hall

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:283

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In Belgium, General Practitioner Cooperatives (GPC) aim to improve working conditions for unplanned care and to reduce the number of low acuity emergency visits. Although this system is well organized, the num...

    Authors: Birgitte Schoenmakers, Jasper Van Criekinge, Timon Boeve, Jonas Wilms, Chris Van Der Mullen and Marc Sabbe

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:282

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In this methodological paper, we use a novel, predictive approach to examine how demographics, substance use, mental and other health indicators predict multiple visits (≥3) to emergency departments (ED) withi...

    Authors: Georgiy Bobashev, Lauren Warren and Li-Tzy Wu

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:280

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The aim of this study was to identify the range of ways that safety net hospitals (SNHs) have been empirically operationalized in the literature and determine the extent to which patterns could be identified i...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Hefner, Tory Harper Hogan, William Opoku-Agyeman and Nir Menachemi

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:278

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Chronic pain constitutes a significant burden for the individuals affected, and is a frequent reason why patients seek health care services. While in-person psychosocial interventions can be of support to peop...

    Authors: Cecilie Varsi, Ingrid Konstanse Ledel Solem, Hilde Eide, Elin Børøsund, Olöf B. Kristjansdottir, Karina Heldal, Lori B. Waxenberg, Karen E. Weiss, Karlein M. G. Schreurs, Eleshia J. Morrison, Audun Stubhaug and Lise Solberg Nes

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Twice-weekly supervised aerobic and resistance exercise for 12 weeks reduces fatigue and improves quality of life in men on Androgen Deprivation Therapy for prostate cancer. Despite the National Institute for ...

    Authors: Rebecca R. Turner, Madelynne A. Arden, Sophie Reale, Eileen Sutton, Stephanie J. C. Taylor, Liam Bourke, Diana M. Greenfield, Dylan Morrissey, Janet Brown, Patrick Doherty, Derek J. Rosario and Liz Steed

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2021 21:273

    Content type: Research article

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