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Table 5 Underlying constructs. Underlying constructs in the Implementation Process Assessment Tool (IPAT) with their included items

From: Measuring implementation: development of the implementation process assessment tool (IPAT)

Suggested underlying constructs Description Included IPAT-items
Factor 1: Individual phases for behavioural change Preparation stages from unawareness to engagement. IPAT 1–5, 7 and 20.
Factor 2: Individual activities and perceived support Activities the respondents conduct and their perceived support and facilitation from manager and colleagues. IPAT 8–11, 14, 15 and 18.
Factor 3: Collective readiness and support The respondents assessment of “us” and “our” readiness for change and support. IPAT 21–27 and 6.
Factor 4: Individual perception of the intervention Improvement potential, ability to comply with the new practice and gains for different stakeholders. IPAT 12, 13, 16, 17 and 19.