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Table 5 Healthcare workers’ experience in, confidence about and reported practices in managing hypertension and DM patients (n = 62). Percent distribution of Moshi Municipal and Moshi District Councils’ HCPs knowledge, experience and comfortable in managing hypertension and DM patients by types of health facilities, IHM project 2017

From: Preparedness of health facilities in managing hypertension & diabetes mellitus in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a cross sectional study

  Total (n = 62) Hospitals (n = 23) Health centers (n = 17) Dispensaries (n = 22) Chi2 P-Value
Experience and knowledge of HCWs n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
 Experienced hypertension 43 [69.4] 23 [100] 10 [58.8] 10 [45.5] 0.000
 Need more training for hypertension 47 [75.8] 16 [69.6] 12 [70.6] 19 [86.4] 0.000
 Confident in caring for hypertensive 14 [22.6] 6 [26.1] 5 [29.4] 3 [13.6] 0.485
 Experienced DM (n = 60) 25 [41.7] 20 [87.0] 4 [25.0] 1 [4.8] 0.000
 Need more training for DM 48 [77.4] 16 [69.6] 11 [64.7] 21 [95.5] 0.000
 Confident in caring for DM 13 [21.0] 6 [26.1] 6 [35.3] 1 [4.5] 0.094
Practices of HCWs
 Always advise patients on adherence (n = 60) 56 [93.3] 22 [95.7] 17 [100] 17 [85.0] 0.162
 Always advise patients on lifestyle modifications (n = 60) 54 [87.1] 22 [95.7] 14 [82.4] 18 [81.8] 0.304
 Always advise on not using tobacco 53 [85.5] 21 [91.3] 14 [82.4] 18 [81.8] 0.417
 Always advise on physical activities/exercising 53 [85.5] 22 [95.7] 16 [94.1] 15 [68.2] 0.016
 Always advise on reducing salt 58 [93.5] 23 [100] 17 [100] 18 [81.8] 0.021
 Always advise to use plant-based cooking oil (n = 59) 43 [72.9] 17 [77.3] 12 [70.6] 14 [70.0] 0.237
 Always advise on checking heart (n = 59) 22 [37.3] 10 [45.5] 5 [33.3] 7 [31.8] 0.778
 Always advise on checking kidney (n = 59) 25 [42.4] 11 [47.8] 7 [50.0] 7 [31.8] 0.586
 Checking for your blood glucose (n = 61) 51 [83.6] 22 [95.7] 15 [93.8] 14 [63.6] 0.007
 Regular checking of blood pressure 52 [83.9] 21 [91.3] 15 [88.2] 16 [72.7] 0.314
 Attending appointments 54 [87.1] 22 [95.7] 16 [94.1] 16 [72.7] 0.012