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Table 3 Observed mean at baseline and 4 months, and mixed model based ITT analyses at 4 months for change within groups from baseline to 4 months and difference between groups at 4 months

From: Short time effect of a self-referral to inpatient treatment for patients with severe mental disorders: a randomized controlled trial

  Observed Estimated (mixed model)
  Estimated value Within Groups Between Groups
Baseline 4 months 4 months Baseline to 4 months 4 months
Mean (SD) n Mean (SD) n Mean (95 % CI) Change (95 % CI) p Diff (95 % CI) p
PAM
 All 64.0 (59.7, 68.3) 53 62.6 (57.8, 67.3) 47     2.7 (-5.49 to 10.79) 0.523
 SRIT 64.1 (57.6, 70.6) 26 64.1 (58.1, 70.1) 21 64.7 (58.26 to 71.04) 0.6 (-5.84 to 7.12) 0.846   
 TAU 63.9 (57.8, 69.9) 27 61.3 (53.9, 68.7) 26 62.0 (56.19 to 67.79) -2.0 (-7.92 to 3.90) 0.505   
RAS
 All 3.7 (3.5, 3.9) 53 3.8 (3.6, 4.0) 47     0.01 (-0.27 to 0.30) 0.920
 SRIT 3.8 (3.5, 4.1) 26 3.9 (3.6, 4.2) 21 3.9 (3.61 to 4.12) 0.2 (-0.04 to 0.39) 0.119   
 TAU 3.6 (3.3, 3.9) 27 3.7 (3.4, 4.0) 26 3.9 (3.61 to 4.08) 0.2 (-0.04 to 0.35) 0.115   
  1. PAM Patient Activation Measure (range from 0–100, an increase in scores indicates improvement)
  2. RAS Recovery Assessment Scale (range from 1 to 5 in scores indicate improvement)
  3. SRIT Self-referral to inpatient treatment (intervention group)
  4. TAU Treatment as usual (control group)