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Table 5 Characteristics of the 75 mixed methods studies in HSR

From: Why, and how, mixed methods research is undertaken in health services research in England: a mixed methods study

Characteristic Proposal N = 43* % (n) Report N = 48% (n)
Type of study   
   Evaluation 53% (23) 46% (22)
   Fieldwork and survey 35% (15) 40% (19)
   Feasibility study 7% (3) 10% (5)
   Instrument development 5% (2) 4% (2)
Purpose of the study   
   Explanatory 65% (28) 58% (28)
   Exploratory 28% (12) 42% (20)
   Both 7% (3) 0% (0)
Components   
Qualitative: 79% (34) 67% (32)
Interview study 79% (34) 67% (32)
Focus group study 12% (5) 23% (11)
Observation 2% (1) 10% (5)
Case studies 19% (8) 40% (19)
Documentary analysis 2% (1) 2% (1)
Other e.g. diaries 0% (0) 4% (2)
Quantitative: 40% (17) 62% (30)
Survey 40% (17) 62% (30)
Other observational study 26% (11) 19% (9)
RCT 28% (12) 21% (10)
Other intervention study 28% (12) 23% (11)
Economic 40% (17) 23% (11)
Other 7% (3) 2% (1)
  1. * two studies were not mixed methods studies at the proposal stage and were not included here