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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of children with ASD and their families

From: Parent-reported health care expenditures associated with autism spectrum disorders in Heilongjiang province, China

   n %
Gender Male 248 85.5
  Female 42 14.5
Age 1-3 93 32.1
  4-6 133 45.9
  7-9 50 17.2
  ≥ 10 14 4.8
Race/ethnicity Han Chinese 279 96.2
  Minority Chinese 11 3.8
Number of children Single child 255 87.9
  Non-single child 35 12.1
Family structure Nuclear family 208 71.7
  Non-nuclear family 82 28.3
Address Harbin 99 34.1
  Other cities 191 65.9
Urban/Rural areas Urban 209 72.1
  Rural 81 27.9
Mother's education level Elementary school 27 9.3
  Junior high school 97 33.4
  High school or technical school 68 23.4
  Vocational college or bachelor's degree 94 32.4
  Masters degree 4 1.4
Father's education level Elementary school 17 5.9
  Junior high school 106 36.6
  High school or technical school 75 25.8
  Vocational college or bachelor's degree 85 29.3
  Masters degree 7 2.4
  1. *Nuclear families consisted of a father, mother, and their children; non-nuclear families included families residing with grandparents.