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Table 6 Paired t-test of outcome measures comparing before and after the intervention.

From: A successful chronic care program in Al Ain-United Arab Emirates

  (2006 mean-2007mean)* No. P value (2007 Mean-2008 Mean)** No. P value
Hypertension       
BMI 29.8-29.9 675 0.81 29.2-29.6 421 0.4
HbA1c in DM 8.0-7.3 265 <0.001 7.19-7.17 218 0.8
Total cholesterol 200.7-184.6 634 <0.001 185.8-162.3 408 <0.001
LDL 130.9-118.8 538 <0.001 119.0-104.9 403 <0.001
HDL 43.5-43.46 537 0.9 44.0-40.2 410 0.07
TG 138.9-122.2 624 <0.001 125-105.6 406 <0.001
Diabetes Mellitus       
BMI 29.2-29.4 572 0.015 28.5-29.2 383 0.015
HbA1c in DM 8.4-7.7 436 <0.001 7.8-7.6 321 0.035
Total cholesterol 197.8-180.9 557 <0.001 184.1-155.0 370 <0.001
LDL 126.5-113.5 478 <0.001 115-98.1 366 <0.001
HDL 42.9-43.0 478 0.8 44.1-40.4 370 0.019
TG 148.2-130 552 <0.001 131.86-107.6 369 <0.001
Blood pressure control       
In patients with DM       
Systolic BP 125.4-122.2 179 <0.001 122.2-122.3 189 0.13
Diastolic BP 79.8-76.6 179 <0.001 76.7-75.3 189 0.01
In patients with HTN       
Systolic BP 138.9-132.8 414 <0.001 133.2-131.6 226 0.07
Diastolic BP 85.8-81.3 415 <0.001 82.3-79.4 228 <0.001
In patients with HTN and DM       
Systolic BP 137.8 -131.9 389 <0.001 133.1-134.7 237 0.1
Diastolic BP 83.5-79.9 389 <0.001 83.4-80.2 237 0.002
  1. *2006-2007 indicates the change in 2007 compared to 2006
  2. ** 2007-2008 indicate the change in 2008 compared to 2007