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Table 1 Characteristics of sample population (age ≥15) in two project areas

From: The impact of different benefit packages of Medical Financial Assistance Scheme on health service utilization of poor population in Rural China

Variables towns (%) H8 towns (%) H8 towns (%) P
  N = 625 N = 869  
Predisposing factors    
   Age 15-39.9 177 ( 28 ) 329 (38) P < 0.001
40-59.9 188 (30) 273 (31)  
60+ 260 (42) 267 (31)  
   Gender, male 363 (58) 440 (50) P = 0.005
   Marital status    P = 0.002
Married 417 (67) 649 (75)  
Unmarried 133 (21) 150 (17)  
Divorced 68 (11) 67 (8)  
Widowed 7 (1) 3 (0.3)  
   Education    P < 0.001
Illiterate 339(54) 327 (38)  
Primary school 218(35) 365 (42)  
Junior high school 57(9) 159 (18)  
Senior high school 11(2) 18 (2)  
Enabling factors    
   Distance from home to nearest designated medical centre, ≤ 3 km 224(36) 534 (61) P < 0.001
   Awareness of MFA detailed package 84(13) 410 (47) P < 0.001
   Economic status, extremely poor 225(36) 164 (19) P < 0.001
Need factors    
   Disability status, disabled 179 (29) 130 (15) P < 0.001
   Presence of illness in last 2 weeks 85 (14) 105 (12) P = 0.385
   Presence of physician diagnosed chronic disease 176(28) 244 (28) P = 0.972
Outcomes    
   Physician visit rate of respondents in last 2 Weeks 56 (9) 78 (9) P = 0.992
   Hospitalization rate 50 (8) 54 (6) P = 0.181
   High-Frequency use of MFA (≥2) 21 (3) 427 (49) P < 0.000
   Percentage of borrowing money for illness treatment (presence/absence) 148(24) 189(22) P = 0.380
   Percentage of Borrowing large amount money for illness treatment (≥500 RMB) 82(13) 108(12) P = 0.695
  1. Note: Chi- square test was performed using SAS PROC FREQ.