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Table 3 Primary Care Physician Clinic Visits Associated with Discharge Failures

From: Common step-wise interventions improved primary care clinic visits and reduced emergency department discharge failures: a large-scale retrospective observational study

  No Discharge Failure Restricted Discharge Failure Broad/Uncertain Discharge Failure
Charity insurance + PCP assignment + PCP visits (N = 21,695)
 PCP visit ≤3 days from the index ED discharge (N = 1115) 584 (52) 10 (1) 521 (47)
 PCP visit ≤7 days from the index ED discharge (N = 2592) 1302 (50) 73 (3) 1217 (47)
 PCP visit ≤14 days from the index ED discharge (N = 4508) 2197 (49) 190 (4) 2121 (47)
 PCP visit ≤30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 7732) 3536 (46) 534 (7) 3662 (47)
 PCP visit > 30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 13,963) 4623 (33) 2730 (20) 6610 (47)
Medicare + PCP assignment + PCP visits (N = 10,057)
 PCP visit ≤3 days from the index ED discharge (N = 499) 235 (47) 12 (2) 252 (51)
 PCP visit ≤7 days from the index ED discharge (N = 1173) 545 (46) 41 (4) 587 (50)
 PCP visit ≤14 days from the index ED discharge (N = 2158) 957 (44) 110 (5) 1091 (51)
 PCP visit ≤30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 3740) 1546 (41) 257 (7) 1937 (52)
 PCP visit > 30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 6317) 1646 (26) 1187 (19) 3484 (55)
Medicaid + PCP assignment + PCP visits (N = 11,580)
 PCP visit ≤3 days from the index ED discharge (N = 474) 231 (49) 10 (2) 233 (49)
 PCP visit ≤7 days from the index ED discharge (N = 1097) 501 (46) 32 (3) 564 (51)
 PCP visit ≤14 days from the index ED discharge (N = 1955) 869 (44) 107 (5) 979 (50)
 PCP visit ≤30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 3462) 1377 (40) 302 (9) 1783 (52)
 PCP visit > 30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 8118) 2167 (27) 1793 (22) 4158 (51)
Commercial insurance + PCP assignment + PCP visits (N = 5667)
 PCP visit ≤3 days from the index ED discharge (N = 259) 167 (64) 5 (2) 87 (34)
 PCP visit ≤7 days from the index ED discharge (N = 629) 375 (60) 19 (3) 235 (37)
 PCP visit ≤14 days from the index ED discharge (N = 1070) 628 (59) 43 (4) 399 (37)
 PCP visit ≤30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 1779) 1037 (58) 69 (4) 673 (38)
 PCP visit > 30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 3888) 1746 (45) 658 (17) 1484 (38)
No insurance + PCP assignment + PCP visits (N = 10,854)
 PCP visit ≤3 days from the index ED discharge (N = 214) 128 (60) 2 (1) 84 (39)
 PCP visit ≤7 days from the index ED discharge (N = 449) 265 (59) 8 (2) 176 (39)
 PCP visit ≤14 days from the index ED discharge (N = 847) 451 (53) 48 (6) 348 (41)
 PCP visit ≤30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 1473) 722 (49) 111 (8) 640 (43)
 PCP visit > 30 days from the index ED discharge (N = 9381) 2501 (27) 2358 (25) 4522 (48)