Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Characteristics of study cohort at index visit for a non-hip fracture according to frailty levels

From: Frailty and health services use among Quebec seniors with non-hip fractures: a population-based study using adminsitrative databases

Characteristics Robust ERA ≤ −1 Well ERA [0:3] Well/ comorbidities ERA [4:8] Pre-frail ERA [9:15] Frail ERA ≥ 16 Total
N (%) 9345 (5.2) 73,400 (41.2) 45,984 (25.8) 25,322 (14.2) 24,253 (13.6) 178,304
Sexe, %
 Women 69.6 75.6 75.0 72.0 72.0 74.2
 Men 30.4 24.4 25.0 28.0 28.0 25.8
Age (Individual ERA index components), mean (SD)
  65 and over 66.9 (1.4) 72.7 (5.4) 78.3 (7.4) 77.9 (8.1) 79.7 (7.7) 75.5 (7.5)
Number of comorbidities, %
 0–1 85.3 69.8 43.0 18.5 4.0 47.5
 2–4 14.6 29.0 49.8 57.2 37.3 38.8
  ≥ 5 0.1 1.2 7.2 24.2 58.7 13.8
Social deprivation index, % (Individual ERA index components)
 1 (more fortunate) 46.7 14.9 9.8 12.7 10.5 14.3
 2 53.3 17.3 11.8 15.5 13.1 17.0
 3 0.0 25.2 16.2 18.6 18.5 19.7
 4 0.0 20.9 29.0 24.3 25.9 23.0
 5 (less fortunate) 0.0 21.8 33.2 29.0 32.1 26.0
Material deprivation index, %
 1 (more fortunate) 17.9 19.1 19.0 17.6 15.8 18.3
 2 18.5 18.4 18.4 17.8 17.8 18.2
 3 19.4 20.1 19.7 20.3 20.5 20.1
 4 20.8 21.1 21.9 21.5 22.1 21.5
 5 (less fortunate) 23.5 21.3 21.0 22.8 23.8 21.9
Site of fracture, %
 Lower limbs 43.7 37.1 33.9 35.0 32.3 35.7
 Upper limbs 49.9 55.4 55.6 52.1 51.2 54.1
 Pelvis 1.8 2.6 3.9 4.7 5.9 3.6
 Spine 4.6 4.9 6.6 8.2 10.6 6.6
Area of residence, %
 1 (Montreal CMA) 37.0 44.5 46.8 42.9 41.6 44.1
 2 (Other CMAs) 16.9 18.5 19.6 18.9 19.7 18.9
 3 (agglomerations) 11.2 13.5 14.8 15.6 17.5 14.6
 4 (rural areas) 34.9 23.5 18.9 22.6 21.2 22.5
Physical and cognitive ERA, % (Individual ERA index components)
 Diabetes 0.0 8.6 22.3 23.6 34.5 17.3
 CAD/MI/CHF 0.0 4.4 34.0 47.1 75.0 27.5
 Stroke 0.0 1.1 6.8 13.6 25.1 7.5
 COPD 0.0 0.0 10.4 26.5 51.3 13.4
 Cancer 0.0 9.7 13.7 19.6 22.1 13.3
 Dementia 0.0 0.2 3.8 7.0 14.8 4.1
  1. CMA Census metropolitan area, CAD Coronary artery disease, MI Myocardial infarction, CHF Congestive Heart Failure, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease