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Table 1 Overview of the scales and items presented in this paper

From: Healthcare professionals’ perspectives on working conditions, leadership, and safety climate: a cross-sectional study

Assessment Psychosocial working conditions Leadership Patient safety climate Occupational safety climate
Instruments Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and adaptation of Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) Transformational Leadership Inventory (TLI short) and Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC-D) and Twins Patient Safety TWINS Occupational Safety and self constructed indices
Overall number of scales and items 17 scales 2 scales 13 scales and 9 single items 1 scale, 3 indices, 7 single items
Scales, indices and items COPSOQ ̶ Quantitative demands (scale, 4 items) ̶ Emotional demands (scale, 3 items) ̶ Work-privacy-conflict (scale, 5 items) ̶ Influence at work (scale, 4 items) ̶ Degree of freedom at work (scale, 4 items) ̶ Possibilities for development (scale, 4 items) ̶ Meaning of work (scale, 3 items) ̶ Workplace commitment (scale, 4 items) ̶ Predictability (scale, 2 items) ̶ Role clarity (scale, 2 items) ̶ Role conflicts (scale, 4 items) ̶ Social relations (scale, 2 items) ̶ Feedback (scale, 2 items) ̶ Social support (scale, 4 items) ̶ Sense of community (scale, 3 items) Outcome scale - COPSOQ ̶ Job satisfaction (scale, 7 items) Outcome scale - CBI (adapted client-related burnout) ̶ Patient-related burnout (scale, 6 items) TLI short ̶ Transformational leadership (scale, 6 items) COPSOQ ̶ Quality of leadership (scale, 4 items) HSPSC-D ̶ Teamwork within units (scale, 4 items) ̶ Staffing (scale, 4 items) ̶ Organizational learning (scale, 3 items) ̶ Nonpunitive response to error (scale, 3 items) ̶ Supervisor/ manager expectations (scale, 4 items) ̶ Feedback & communication about error (scale, 3 items) ̶ Communication openness (scale, 3 items) ̶ Management support for patient safety (scale, 3 items) ̶ Teamwork across units (scale, 4 items) ̶ Handoffs & transitions (scale, 4 items) Outcome scales - HSPSC-D ̶ Frequency of event reported (scale, 3 items) ̶ Overall perceptions of patient safety (scale, 4 items) ̶ Patient safety grade (single item) ̶ Safety grade in the medication process (single item) TWINS Patient Safety ̶ Supervisor support for patient safety (scale, 3 items) ̶ My direct supervisor openly addresses problems concerning patient safety in our hospital (single item) ̶ My direct supervisor focuses more on patient safety than a year ago (single item) ̶ It is important to my direct supervisor that our hospital pays great attention to patient safety (single item) ̶ Hospital management openly addresses problems concerning patient safety in our hospital (single item) ̶ Hospital management focuses more on patient safety than a year ago (single item) ̶ It is important to the hospital management that our hospital pays great attention to patient safety (single item) ̶ Do you have an individual influence on how well patient safety is implemented at the workplace (single item) TWINS Occupational Safety ̶ Supervisor support for occupational safety (scale, 3 items) ̶ My direct supervisor openly addresses problems concerning occupational safety in our hospital (single item) ̶ My direct supervisor focuses more on occupational safety than a year ago (single item) ̶ It is important to my direct supervisor that our hospital pays great attention to occupational safety (single item) ̶ Hospital management openly addresses problems concerning occupational safety in our hospital (single item) ̶ Hospital management focuses more on occupational safety than a year ago (single item) ̶ It is important to the hospital management that our hospital pays great attention to occupational safety (single item) ̶ Do you have an individual influence on how well occupational safety is implemented at the workplace (single item) Outcome scales – self constructed indices ̶ Subjective assessment of specific protective measures (behaviour & regulations) related to infectious diseases (index, 7 items) ̶ Subjective assessment of occupational safety measures initiated by the employer, related to own safety (index, 6 items) ̶ Personal perception of the frequency of occupational risks (index, 4 items)