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Table 2 Adjusted Odds Ratios of Healthcare Utilization

From: Timing of physical therapy consultation on 1-year healthcare utilization and costs in patients seeking care for neck pain: a retrospective cohort

  Early Physical Therapy Consultation (n = 160) Delayed Physical Therapy Consultation (n = 74) Late Physical Therapy Consultation (n = 74)
Injections REF 5.34 (2.74, 10.41) 4.36 (2.26, 8.45)
Prescribed Opioids
 1-year period from the index visit REF 1.24 (0.69, 2.31) 2.79 (1.35, 5.79)
Imaging
 MRI REF 4.61 (2.17, 9.78) 4.68 (2.25,9.74)
 X-ray REF 2.73 (1.49, 5.00) 2.97 (1.61, 5.47)
 CT REF 1.51 (0.39, 5.77) 3.36 (1.14, 9.97)
  1. Covariates in models: plan type, UUHP concurrent risk score, age, sex, comorbid LBP, substance abuse and chronic pain