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Table 1 Baseline characteristics patients and family caregivers

From: The impact of attending day care designed for home-dwelling people with dementia on nursing home admission: a 24-month controlled study

Patient characteristics Day care group
(N = 181)
Comparison group
(N = 76)
All
(N = 257)
Age, mean (SD) 81.1(6.5) 82.4 (6.0) 81.5 (6.4)
Female gender, n (%) 110 (60.8) 58 (76.3) 168 (65.4)
Living alone, n (%) 92 (50.8) 43 (56.6) 135 (52.5)
Education after primary school, n (%) 87 (48.1) 25 (32.9) 112 (43.6)
Full awareness (REED), n (%) 62 (34.3) 22 (28.9) 84 (32.7)
MMSE score, mean (SD) 20.5 (3.5) 20.3 (3.6) 20.4 (3.5)
MADRS score, mean (SD) 4.7 (4.8) 5.9 (5.4) 5.1 (5.0)
PSMS score, mean (SD) 9.5 (3.2) 9.3 (3.1) 9.5 (3.2)
IADL score, mean (SD) 22.6 (5.1) 20.4 (5.6) 21.9 (5.3)
NPI-psychosis sub score, mean (SD) 0.9 (1.4) 0.6 (1.2) 0.8 (1.4)
NPI-affective sub score, mean (SD) 2.3 (2.1) 2.0 (1.9) 2.2 (2.0)
NPI-hyperactivity sub score, mean (SD) 2.0 (2.2) 1.4 (2.1) 1.8 (2.2)
NPI-sleep item score, mean (SD) 0.5 (0.8) 0.4 (0.8) 0.5 (0.8)
Dementia diagnosis, n (%)
 • Alzheimer’s disease (AD) 140 (77.3) 62 (81.6) 202 (78.6)
 • Vascular dementia (VD) 20 (11.0) 2 (2.6) 22 (8.6)
 • Mixed AD/VD 8 (4.4) 6 (7.9) 14 (5.4)
 • Lewy body dementia/Parkinson’s disease with dementia 11 (6.1) 2 (2.6) 13 (5.1)
 • Frontotemporal dementia 2 (1.1) 0 2 (0.8)
 • Other dementias 0 4 (5.2) 4 (1.6)
Severity of dementia CDR, n (%)
 • CDR 0.5 – possible dementia 22 (12.2) 20 (26.3) 42 (16.3)
 • CDR 1 – mild dementia 117 (64.6) 48 (63.2) 165 (64.2)
 • CDR 2 – moderate dementia 41 (22.7) 8 (10.5) 49 (19.1)
 • CDR 3 – severe dementia 1 (0.6) 0 1 (0.4)
Family caregiver characteristics
Age, mean (SD) 62.4 (13.5) 61.1 (12.2) 62.0 (13.1)
Female gender, n (%) 125 (69.1) 52 (68.4) 177 (68.9)
Live together with the patient, n (%) 76 (42.0) 18 (23.7) 94 (36.6)
Relationship to the patient
 • Spouse 69 (38.1) 18 (23.7) 87 (33.8)
 • Child/Child-in-law 106 (58.6) 54 (71.1) 160 (62.3)
 • Other 6 (3.3) 4 (5.3) 9 (3.5)
MADRS score, mean (SD) 3.6 (4.3) 3.7 (4.9) 3.7 (4.5)
RSS score, mean (SD) 19.1 (11.1) 14.1 (4.9) 17.7 (11.0)
  1. REED The Anosognosia Rating Scale, MMSE Mini Mental State Examination, MADRS Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, PSMS Physical Self-Maintenance Scale, IADL Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, NPI Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire, CDR Clinical Dementia Rating scale, RSS Relatives’ Stress Scale