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Table 3 Sample characteristics, divided by enrollment-status, reported in % (values after multiple imputation)

From: Selective enrollment in Disease Management Programs for coronary heart disease in Germany – An analysis based on cross-sectional survey and administrative claims data

Variable Enrolled in DMP N = 5103 Not-Enrolled N = 1967 Total N = 7070
Socio-demographic and socio-economic factors
 Male 81.6 73.7 79.4
 Age in years (mean) 72.37 ± 8.40 68.72 ± 10.35 71.36 ± 9.13
Net equivalent incomea
  < =979€ 13.0 (14.6) 13.5 (15.0) 13.2 (14.7)
 980 to 1633€ 46.2 (49.6) 38.9 (42.2) 44.2 (47.5)
  > 1633 to <2449€ 24.0 (25.7) 25.3 (27.1) 24.4 (26.1)
 = > 2449€ 9.4 (10.1) 14.6 (15.8) 10.8 (11.7)
 Missing 7.5 7.7 7.5
Employment/retirement statusa
 Old-age pension 80.8 (82.7) 66.0 (67.6) 76.6 (78.5)
 Employed 11.1 (11.5) 23.6 (24.4) 14.6 (15.1)
 Not-employed 5.5 (5.8) 7.4 (8.0) 6.0 (6.4)
 Missing 2.7 3.1 2.8
Subjective socio-economic statusa
 Lowest subSES 19.5 (21.2) 17.8 (19.4) 19.0 (20.7)
 Medium subSES 58.8 (63.4) 59.5 (63.6) 59.0 (63.4)
 Highest subSES 14.3 (15.4) 15.7 (17.0) 14.7 (15.8)
 Missing 2.9 3.0 2.9
 Other/None of these subSES 4.5 4.1 4.4
 Urban living area 76.6 76.1 76.5
Single householda
 1 person in household 15.4 (16.0) 15.3 (15.7) 15.4 (15.9)
 > 1 person in household 82.4 (84.0) 82.7 (84.2) 82.5 (84.1)
 Missing 2.2 2.0 2.1
Integrated care
Enrolled in integrated care program 12.5 8.3 11.3
Co-Morbidity - generic    
Level of long term care entitlement
 No entitlement 96.6 97.3 96.8
 Level 1 2.7 1.8 2.5
 Level 2 0.7 1.0 0.7
Charlson Score
 Charlson Score = 0 10.8 16.8 12.5
 Charlson Score = 1 19.9 25.5 21.5
 Charlson Score = 2 19.5 18.7 19.3
 Charlson Score = 3 16.6 14.6 16.1
 Charlson Score > 3 33.1 24.5 30.7
Self-reported health status – Value on VAS (median/mean) 70/64.2 ± 19.0 (n = 4,990) (70/64.5) 70/65.4 ± 19.7 (n = 1,931) (70/65.7) 70/64.5 ± 19.2 (n = 6,921) (70/64.8)
(Co-) Morbidity – disease specific:    
Type 2 Diabetes 26.4 11.6 22.3
Disease Severity
 Lowest severity 54.8 52.4 54.1
 Medium severity 26.5 25.5 26.2
 Highest severity 18.7 22.2 19.7
Myocardial Infarction (MI) 33.4 27.1 31.7
Congestive heart failure (CHF) 30.7 28.2 30.0
  1. aInformation from survey data; all other variables derived from administrative claims data; values in brackets = values after multiple imputation; ± standard deviation