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Table 5 Outcomes of care in stroke unit hospitals admitting at least 100 patients in a year by stroke unit access status

From: Hospitals admitting at least 100 patients with stroke a year should have a stroke unit: a case study from Australia

Outcomes Reference: stroke unit admission versus stroke unit non-admission N = 2043 patients Admission into a SUa N = 60 hospitals Odds ratio (95% CI)b Met all SU criteria N = 59 hospitals Odds ratio (95% CI)
Modified Rankin Score (mRS) on discharge 0–2 (i.e., none to slight disability) [29] 1.46 (0.98, 2.18)** 1.63 (1.08, 2.46)*
Stroke progression (including hemorrhagic transformation) 0.63 (0.41, 0.96)* 0.63 (0.41, 0.98)*
New stroke (recurrent event in hospital) 0.36 (0.18, 0.74)* 0.38 (0.18, 0.81)*
Discharge destinationc
 Discharged home 1.17 (0.79, 1.75) 1.32 (0.88, 2.00)
 Discharged to inpatient rehabilitation 2.29 (1.65, 3.18)* 2.39 (1.71, 3.37)*
 Discharged to an aged care facility 0.59 (0.35, 1.01) 0.59 (0.35, 1.01)
 Died in hospital 0.20 (0.13, 0.31)* 0.22 (0.14, 0.35)*
Died or discharged to aged care facility 0.28 (0.19, 0.41)* 0.29 (0.19, 0.44)*
  1. aself-reported from the organizational survey
  2. bEach outcome was adjusted for stroke unit admission status, age, sex, stroke severity variables (e.g., unable to walk on admission), independent prior to stroke and type of stroke (ischemic, intracerebral hemorrhage or unknown subtype)
  3. cExcludes discharge destination noted as a statistical discharge (11% of patients); *p < 0.05; **p < 0.07