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Table 2 Triple assessment procedural results by sex and age (for women only) and final classificationa

From: Characterizing breast conditions at an open-access breast clinic in South Africa: a model that is more than cancer care for a resource-limited setting

Result Women (n = 356) Men (n = 9)
≤40 >40  
n % n % n %
Clinical exam result n = 159 n = 197 n = 9
 Mass only 66 41 · 5 83 42 · 1 3 33 · 3
 Pain only 26 16 · 4 30 15 · 2 1 11 · 1
 Discharge only 6 3 · 8 2 1 · 0 0 0 · 0
 Other only 9 5 · 7 6 3 · 0 0 0 · 0
 Gynecomastia only 0 0 · 0 0 0 · 0 3 33 · 3
 Size/shape issues only 2 1 · 3 3 1 · 5 0 0 · 0
 More than one of the complaints listed above 27 17 · 0 34 17 · 3 1 11 · 1
 No abnormalities/routine check-up 19 11 · 9 36 18 · 3 1 11 · 1
 Not reported/inconclusive 4 2 · 5 3 1 · 5 0 0 · 0
Radiological/imaging tests requested n = 131 n = 273 n = 7
 Results available 111 84 · 7 229 83 · 9 4 57 · 1
 Mass/density/distortion 62 55 · 9 85 37 · 1 0 0 · 0
 Micro-calcification 2 1 · 8 27 11 · 8 0 0 · 0
 Abscess 6 5 · 4 2 0 · 9 0 0 · 0
 Cyst 4 3 · 6 18 7 · 9 1 25 · 0
 Other 12 10 · 8 24 10 · 5 1 25 · 0
 No abnormalities 23 20 · 7 70 30 · 6 2 50 · 0
 Not reported/inconclusive 2 1 · 8 3 1 · 3 0 0 · 0
 Results not found 20 15 · 3 44 16 · 1 3 42 · 9
Pathological tests requested n = 41 n = 95 n = 1
 Results availableb 34 82.9 82 86.3 1 100.0
 Breast cancer (any biopsy including breast and axilla) 15 44 · 1 47 57 · 3 0 0 · 0
 Fibroadenoma 2 5 · 9 5 6 · 1 0 0 · 0
 Papilloma 3 8 · 8 7 8 · 5 0 0 · 0
 Other 13 38 · 2 19 23 · 2 0 0 · 0
 Normal/no abnormalities 1 2 · 9 3 3 · 7 1 100 · 0
 Not reported/inconclusive 0 0 · 0 1 1 · 2 0 0 · 0
 Results not found 7 17 · 1 13 13 · 7 0 0 · 0
Final classification (n = 357) n = 159 n = 197 n = 9
 Cancer 10 6 · 3 42 21 · 3 0 0 · 0
 Benign 76 47 · 8 82 41 · 6 1 11 · 1
 Infection 12 7 · 5 5 2 · 5 0 0 · 0
 Gynecomastia 0 0 · 0 0 0 · 0 6 66 · 7
 Plastics 13 8 · 2 5 2 · 5 0 0 · 0
 Otherb 9 5 · 7 8 4 · 1 0 0 · 0
 Normal 29 18 · 2 49 24 · 9 1 11 · 1
 Not reported/inconclusive 10 6 · 3 6 3 · 0 1 11 · 1
  1. aFigure 1 indicates the number of individuals who had a physical exam, imaging and/or histology. In contrast, the information presented here reflects the results for all diagnostic procedures done. Some participants had more than one radiological or histological test
  2. bOther consists of the following: mass (unspecified), papilloma, benign neurofibroma