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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients presenting for care (n =365)

From: Characterizing breast conditions at an open-access breast clinic in South Africa: a model that is more than cancer care for a resource-limited setting

Characteristic Total (n = 365) Female (n = 356) Male (n = 9)
n % (IQR) n % (IQR) n % (IQR)
Age
  ≤40 161 44 · 1 159 44 · 7 2 22 · 2
 40–55 113 31 · 0 110 30 · 9 3 33 · 3
  >55 91 24 · 9 87 24 · 4 4 44 · 4
 Median 43 (31–55) 43 (30–55) 48 (35–56)
Marital status
 Single 165 45 · 2 161 45 · 2 4 44 · 4
 Married 125 34 · 2 122 34 · 3 3 33 · 3
 Divorced/separated/widowed 59 16 · 2 57 16 · 0 2 22 · 2
 Not reported/missing 16 4 · 4 16 4 · 5 0 0 · 0
Race
 Black 188 51 · 5 181 50 · 8 7 77 · 8
 White 36 9 · 9 36 10 · 1 0 0 · 0
 Coloureda 23 6 · 3 22 6 · 2 1 11 · 1
 Asian 12 3 · 3 12 3 · 4 0 0 · 0
 Other 16 4 · 4 16 4 · 5 0 0 · 0
 Not reported/missing 90 24 · 7 89 25 · 0 1 11 · 1
Nationality
 South African 221 60 · 5 216 60 · 7 5 55 · 6
 Non-South African 19 5 · 2 18 5 · 1 1 11 · 1
 Not reported/missing 125 34 · 2 122 34 · 3 3 33 · 3
HIV statusb
 Positive 34 9 · 3 29 8 · 1 5 55 · 6
 Negative 54 14 · 8 52 14 · 6 2 22 · 2
 Unknown 277 75 · 9 275 77 · 2 2 22 · 2
Family history of cancer
 Breast 45 12 · 3 44 12 · 4 1 11 · 1
 Other 14 3 · 8 14 3 · 9 0 0 · 0
 None 149 40 · 8 148 41 · 6 1 11 · 1
 Not reported/missing 157 43 · 0 150 42 · 1 7 77 · 8
Medical aid/income assessmentc
 No medical aid/Unemployed, receiving pension or grant 55 15 · 1 55 15 · 4 0 0 · 0
 No medical aid/Income <R4,000 276 75 · 6 267 75 · 0 9 100 · 0
 No medical aid/ Income >R4,000 10 2 · 7 10 2 · 8 0 0 · 0
 Has private medical aid 22 6 · 0 22 6 · 2 0 0 · 0
 Not reported 2 0 · 5 2 0 · 6 0 0 · 0
Distance to facility (km)
  <5 49 13 · 4 47 13 · 2 2 22 · 2
 5–19 129 35 · 3 126 35 · 4 3 33 · 3
 20–60 148 40 · 5 145 40 · 7 3 33 · 3
  >60 22 6 · 0 22 6 · 2 0 0 · 0
 Unknown/missing 17 4 · 7 16 4 · 5 1 11 · 1
Origin of referral
 Self-referral 258 70 · 7 251 70 · 5 7 77 · 8
 Referral from healthcare provider 107 29 · 3 105 29 · 5 2 22 · 2
Number of exams/procedures during 12 month study collection period
 1 150 41 · 1 145 40 · 8 5 55 · 6
 2 162 44 · 4 159 44 · 7 3 33 · 3
 3 or more 53 14 · 5 52 14 · 5 1 11 · 1
  1. aThe term “coloured” is South Africa’s official determination for individuals of mixed-race
  2. bAs determined through documentation of test result, self-reported status or documentation of currently taking antiretroviral medication
  3. cCategories for socioeconomic status as assessed by clinic staff. R4,000 is equivalent to US$482.50