Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants (N = 207; n1 = 94; n2 = 113)

From: Factors associated with utilization of traditional Chinese medicine by white collar foreign workers living in Taiwan

Predisposing factors     
Characteristics All (% of n) TCM use (% of n1) Non-use (% of n2) P
Age     .006
   21–30 35.7 30.4 40.7  
   31–40 37.2 50.0 27.4  
   41–50 18.4 15.2 21.2  
   51–62 8.7 4.3 10.6  
Sex     .15
   Male 73.9 69.1 77.9  
   Female 26.1 30.9 22.1  
Currently married     .08
   Yes 28.0 50.0 38.1  
   No 72.0 50.0 61.9  
Education     .31
   University 80.0 76.6 82.3  
   Post-graduate 20.0 23.4 17.7  
Monthly income     .05
   <= 100,000 NT 30.4 24.5 37.7  
   >100,000 NT 69.6 75.5 62.3  
Smoker     .07
   Yes 43.0 54.2 33.6  
   No 57.0 45.7 66.4  
Alcohol consumed on usual night out or occasion when drinkinga     .02
   < 8 units 66.2 74.5 59.3  
   >= 8 units 33.8 25.5 40.7  
Enabling Factors     
Family/friend available to assist in use of TCM     .001
   Yes 63.8 76.6 53.1  
   No 36.2 23.4 46.9  
Access to information of TCM services     .001
   Very good/adequate 25.6 39.4 14.1  
   Poor 74.4 60.6 85.8  
Ability to read Chinese     .001
   <500 characters 81.6 71.3 90.3  
   500 – 1000 characters 18.4 28.7 9.7  
Need factors     
Use of out-patient or emergency services in the last year     .21
   Yes 41.1 54.3 62.8  
   No 58.9 45.7 37.2  
Visit to an allopathic doctor about a health problem in the last year     .05
   Yes 61.8 72.3 53.1  
   No 38.2 27.7 46.9  
Physical pain in the last 2 weeks     .02
   Yes 49.8 58.5 42.5  
   No 50.2 41.5 57.5  
  1. P value from χ2 statistics.
  2. aOne unit of alcohol is described as a half a pint of beer, lager cider (3–4% alcohol by volume), single 25 ml measure of spirits (40% abv), and one and a half units as 125 ml (medium glass) of wine (12% abv)