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Table 3 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of service users (n = 443)

From: The development and evaluation of a five-language multi-perspective standardised measure: clinical decision-making involvement and satisfaction (CDIS)

  Ulm London Naples Aalborg Debrecen Zurich Total
n 91 43 86 70 95 58 443
Male (%) 29 (32) 32 (74.4) 46 (53.5) 31 (44.3) 49 (51.6) 18 (31) 205 (53.7)
Age in years (s.d.) 45.6 (9.1) 45.2 (10.6) 43 (10.5) 39.8 (10.7) 45.2 (10) 40.4 (10.6) 42.5 (10.4)
Years in education (s.d.) 10.6 (1.7) 11.2 (1.9) 11.2 (1.9) 9.7 (1.1) 11.3 (1.3) 9.7 (1.4) 10.5 (1.9)
Marital status (%)        
Unmarried 32 (35) 37 (86) 39 (45) 41 (59) 43 (45) 28 (48) 220 (50)
Married/co-habiting 29 (32) 2 (4.2) 32 (37) 12 (17) 32 (34) 15 (26) 122 (28)
Separated/divorced/widowed 30 (33) 4 (9.4) 15 (17) 16 (23) 20 (21) 15 (26) 100 (23)
Living situation (%)        
Alone 50 (55) 13 (30.2) 13 (15) 40 (57) 21 (22) 36 (63) 173 (39)
With spouse/partner 31 (34) 2 (4.7) 35 (40) 18 (26) 34 (36) 16 (28) 136 (31)
With others 10 (11) 28 (65.1) 37 (43) 12 (17) 40 (42) 5 (9) 132 (30)
Employment (%)        
Paid/student 24 (26) 4 (9.3) 27 (31) 4 (6) 18 (19) 21 (36) 100 (23)
Sheltered employment 5 (6) 0 1 (1) 1 (1) 3 (3) 1 (2) 11 (2)
None 60 (67) 37 (86) 56 (65) 65 (92) 73 (76) 36 (63) 327 (74)
Main income (%)        
Salary 20 (22) 0 27 (31) 3 (4) 18 (19) 13 (23) 81 (19)
Benefits 20 (22) 34 (79.1) 27 (31) 20 (29) 7 (7) 3 (5) 103 (24)
Pension 40 (44) 0 2 (2) 45 (64) 67 (71) 35 (63) 189 (44)
Family support 11 (12) 2 (4.7) 38 (44) 0 1 (1) 5 (9) 57 (13)
Years since first contact with mental health services (s.d.) 14.1 (9.1) 13.1 (9.1) 12.7 (10.04) 12 (8) 13.6 (7.5) 8.7 (8.3) 12.5 (8.9)
DSM-IVR Research diagnosis        
Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders 32 (35) 25 (58.2) 23 (27) 45 (64) 54 (56) 15 (26) 194 (44)
Mood disorders 41 (45) 5 (11.6) 33 (38) 17 (24) 20 (21) 27 (47) 143 (32)
Other 18 (20) 7 (16.3) 30 (35) 8 (11) 21(22) 16 (28) 98 (22)
Mental health in-patient admissions in previous year (%) 44 (48) 11 (25.6) 0 15 (21) 23 (24) 25 (43) 118 (27)
Service user-rated outcomes        
STORI (%)        
Moratorium 16 (18) 7 (16) 20 (23) 13 (19) 16 (17) 13 (22) 85 (19)
Awakening/Preparation 16 (18) 13 (30) 35 (21) 7 (10) 11 (12) 15 (26) 97 (22)
Rebuilding/Growth 58 (64) 23 (54) 31 (36) 50 (71) 68 (72) 30 (52) 260 (59)
MANSA (mean, s.d.) 4.4 (1.0) 4.2 (0.8) 3.43 (0.8) 4.6 (1) 4.5 (0.8) 3.6 (1.2) 4.1 (1.0)
OQ-45 (mean, s.d.) 77.4 (28.2) 66.1 (2.6) 77.2 (22.7) 69.7 (24.7) 61.4 (23) 81.2 (26.7) 72.2 (25.9)
HAS-P (mean, s.d.) 7.1 (1.3) 6.8 (2.4) 7.3 (1) 7.2 (1.3) 7.7 (0.7) 8.1 (1.3) 7.2 (1.3)
Staff-rated outcomes        
TAG (mean, s.d.) 8.2 (2.3) 8.9 (2.2) 7.6 (2.4) 7.4 (2.2) 6.3 (1.6) 6.7 (1.8) 7.4 (2.2)
HAS-S (mean, s.d.) 7.6 (1.0) 8.1 (1.0) 8.1 (1.7) 8.1 (1.2) 7.9 (1.1) 8.2 (0.8) 8.0 (102)