Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariate analysis of household covariates and home delivery

From: “Not too far to walk”: the influence of distance on place of delivery in a western Kenya health demographic surveillance system

   Bivariate analysis
Variable   N Unadjusted OR P Value 95% CI
Age of head   3103 0.99 0.876 0.99 - 1.00
Head of male   3141 0.94 0.663 0.71 - 1.24
Education of head   3142    
  Primary or below   1 REF  
  Secondary or above   0.41 0.0001 0.35 - 0.49
Employment of head [ii]   3142    
  Formally employed   0.43 0.0001 0.32 - 0.57
  Self employed   1.06 0.66 0.82 - 1.37
  Unemployed   1 REF  
Employment type of head [iii]   3169    
  Owns business   0.67 0.006 0.50 - 0.89
  Salaried   0.37 0.0001 0.30 - 0.46
  Skilled laborer   0.99 0.95 0.75 - 1.31
  Casual laborer   1.16 0.254 0.90 - 1.48
  Farmer   1 REF  
Household size   3115 1.06 0.0001 1.03 - 1.10
People per room   3068 1.26 0.0001 1.18 - 1.34
Acres of land owned   3142 0.99 0.39 0.98 - 1.01
Nearest facility [iv]   2855    
  Hospital   0.55 0.0001 0.46 - 0.66
  Health Center   1.01 0.953 0.75 - 1.35
  Dispensary   1 REF  
Distance in kilometres   2855    
  To any facility (kms)   1.09 0.0311 1.01 - 1.18
  To District Hospital (kms)   1.1 0.0001 1.08 - 1.13
  To Road (kms)   1.46 0.011 1.09 - 1.95
Distance categories   2855    
  <2km from any facility   1 REF  
  >2 km from any facility   1.21 0.035 1.01 - 1.46
  <4km from District Hospital   1 REF  
  >4km from District hospital   2.32 0.0001 1.90 - 2.83