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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics and utilization of health facilities in urban and rural areas of Zambia (2003)

From: Health status and socio-economic factors associated with health facility utilization in rural and urban areas in Zambia

Characteristic Urban Rural
  Total=2589 n (%) Total=1877 n (%)
Predisposing factors   
Sex   
Male 1042 (40.2) 822 (43.8)
Female 1547 (59.8) 1055 (56.2)
Age of the respondents   
15-19 745 (28.8) 369 (19.7)
20-24 718 (27.7) 396 (21.1)
25-29 446 (17.2) 334 (17.8)
30-39 456 (17.5) 491 (26.2)
40-49 226 (8.7) 287 (15.1)
Marital status   
Single 1500 (53.2) 470 (25)
Married 908 (35.2) 1256 (67.2)
Devoiced, separated, widow 171 (6.6) 142 (7.8)
Enabling factors   
Education attainment   
0-7 449 (17.4) 1273 (68.4)
8-9 472 (18.3) 301 (16.2)
10+ 1660 (64.3) 287 (15.4)
Household ownership   
Electricity 2328 (90.1) 264 (14.1)
Radio 2289 (88.5) 1080 (57.7)
Refrigerator 2087 (80.7) 178 (9.5)
Bicycle 447 (17.3) 1009 (53.9)
Plough 89 (3.4) 403 (21.5)
Donkey 9 (0.3) 13 (0.7)
Wealth index   
Q1 (poorest) 191 (7.4) 990 (52.9)
Q2 438 (17) 699 (37.4)
Q3 1556 (60.2) 111 (5.9)
Q4 (least poor) 399 (15.4) 70 (3.7)
Perceived health needs   
Self-rated health   
Good/excellent 2196 (85.2) 1463 (78.6)
Very poor/poor/fair 382 (14.8) 398 (21.4)
Self-reported illnesses   
No 1339 (51.9) 606 (32.4)
Yes 1243 (48.1) 1265 (67.6)
Mental distress   
No 2239 (87.5) 1623 (87.1)
Yes 377 (12.5) 240 (12.9)
HIV status   
Positive 467 (18) 256 (13.6)
Negative 2122 (82) 1621 (86.4)
Utilized health facility   
No 1215 (46.9) 810 (43.2)
Yes 1374 (53.1) 1067 (56.8)